Rosacea is a chronic skin condition that causes swelling and redness. In most cases rosacea affects the face, but it can also affect the neck, chest, scalp, back, and ears. This condition causes serious irritation and discomfort and can detract from your appearance
What are the signs and symptoms of rosacea?
Signs and symptoms of rosacea include:
- Persistent redness in the face
- Swollen, visible blood vessels on the nose and cheeks
- Swollen red bumps that look like acne
- Itchy dry skin in the affected area
- A burning sensation where the skin feels hot and tender
- Eye irritation and dryness
- Thickened skin on the nose that results in a bulbous appearance
What triggers rosacea?
The cause of rosacea is unknown, but there are some things that may trigger flare-ups. In general, if something increases blood flow to the surface of the skin, it could be a trigger for rosacea. Common triggers include:
- Exposure to extreme temperatures (both hot and cold)
- Consuming spicy foods or drinking alcohol
- Vigorous exercise
- Stress, embarrassment, or anger
- Spending time in a sauna or hot bath
- Sun exposure
- Certain medications
Who is susceptible to rosacea?
Rosacea can affect anyone but in general people with light hair and light skin are more susceptible. It is more common in adults between ages 30 and 50 and it can run in families and affect people who have northern or eastern European ancestry.
What can you do?
Rosacea can be incredibly uncomfortable and irritating. If you notice any signs of rosacea, you should start by scheduling an appointment with your dermatologist. It may also help to avoid the possible triggers listed above.
When you visit a dermatologist, they will create a treatment plan that is customized for you. In some cases treatment may involve topical or oral medications, lifestyle changes, or laser treatments. Left untreated, rosacea can often get worse over time so it is important to see your dermatologist as soon as you notice a problem. You may need long term treatment to prevent flare-ups and protect your skin.