What is Dysport®?
Dysport® is an FDA-approved injection treatment that reduces the appearance of fine lines and wrinkles by relaxing facial muscles on the forehead.It is made from a protein that is extracted from the Bacterium Clostridium Botulinum, the same protein used in Botox injections. This substance was originally used to control motor disorders and involuntary muscle spasms by immobilizing the targeted muscles.
Similar to BOTOX® Cosmetic, Dysport is injected directly into the site of wrinkles to prevent the underlying muscles from contracting. In addition to treating fine lines and wrinkles, Dysport can also be used to relieve excessive underarm sweating, and treat the symptoms of cervical dystonia, such as neck pain and abnormal head position.
It was developed in Europe during the early 1990s, and has been used successfully for several years. It has also been used in the US under the name Reloxin, but was mandated to be FDA approved under its original name, Dysport. In April 2009, Dysport was approved by the FDA for use in the US and is expected to rival Botox, the most popular cosmetic procedure, with its convenience and long-lasting results.
What is Xeomin®?
Xeomin® is a neuromodulator, like Botox and Dysport, made from the botulinum toxin type A. Xeomin, however, is made from nothing other than the botulinum toxin. Like Botox, Xeomin works by temporarily stopping muscles from contracting.
Xeomin® first came on the medical scene in August 2010 when the FDA approved the injectable for treating two conditions: cervical dystonia (severe contraction of neck muscles) and blepharospasm (eyelid spasms). A year later, the FDA approved Xeomin for the treatment of glabellar lines, those moderate to severe frown lines that show up between the eyebrows. Xeomin addresses dynamic wrinkles. These wrinkles are the domain of the expressive area of the face, the top third. So, crow’s feet, forehead lines, the 11s — these are the targets for Xeomin.
How Does Xeomin® Stop Wrinkles?
The mechanism that makes Xeomin stop the formation of wrinkles is the same as that of Botox and Dysport. When the botulinum toxin type A is injected into a muscle, it blocks the messages from the nerves in the muscle to the brain. Messages to contract the muscle never reach the brain, so the muscle doesn’t contract; it is temporarily paralyzed.
What does this have to do with wrinkles? Certain wrinkles, called dynamic wrinkles, form on the top third of the face when we make common expressions such as frowning and squinting. These wrinkles are the result of muscle contractions under the skin, forming the wrinkle on the surface skin above. By temporarily paralyzing the muscle that creates the wrinkle, Xeomin (and the other neuromodulators) stops the wrinkle from forming.
Candidates for Dysport®/Xeomin®
As we age, skin loses it elasticity and the creases in our face turn into permanent lines and wrinkles. This is most common on the forehead and around the eyes and mouth, which are where muscles that help us smile and frown are located. Dysport and Xeomin immobilizes these muscles to restore a more youthful expression to the face, and actually trains the muscles to contract less often after several treatments.
Dysport and Xeomin injections are ideal for nearly any patient who wishes to reduce the appearance of fine lines and wrinkles on the face and restore a younger and more refreshed appearance. Both men and women can benefit from this procedure and experience the physical and emotional effects of an improved appearance.
The Dysport and Xeomin injections are administered directly into the facial muscles that cause frown lines and other wrinkles. For most patients, the injection is placed between the eyebrows to immobilize facial muscles in the forehead that cause the unattractive frown lines.
These injections are generally painless and do not require anesthesia, although a numbing agent may be used to help minimize any discomfort from the injection for patients who are anxious about the procedure. Treatment sessions usually take less than 15 minutes, and can be administered at six week intervals. Most patients achieve their desired results within three to five injections.
Dysport® vs Botox®
Dysport can diffuse muscles one to three centimeters from the injection point, while Botox can only reach as far as one centimeter, allowing for results that reach further areas with just a single injection.
Xeomin® vs Botox®
Botox® has some additional proteins in its formula to which certain people develop reactions. Xeomin does not have these extra proteins; it is pure botulinum toxin. Some people call Xeomin® “the naked injectable” for this reason. People who have had a reaction to Botox may not have one with Xeomin®.
Dysport® vs Xeomin®
Again, it comes down to purity. Dysport has some additional surface proteins and Xeomin doesn’t. There is another difference. Dysport is a little thinner than both Xeomin and Botox, so it can spread to cover a greater area.
Results vary from patient to patient, depending on the rate the body absorbs the now-inert botulinum toxin.That explains why Xeomin’s effectiveness can vary from three to six months. As with Botox, once the toxin is absorbed, the nerve messages are no longer blocked and the muscle can begin to contract again. The results of Dysport® injections are visible within one to seven days after treatment, with most patients seeing results on day three. With less protein than Botox, Dysport is broken down more slowly by the body, and can provide results that last as long as 13 months.
After Dysport® injections, patients will notice their facial muscles gradually relaxing over the next few days as the appearance of fine lines and wrinkles diminish. With repeated treatment, results can last up to 13 months and are eventually required less frequently, as the facial muscles become trained to avoid contracting.
Risks Associated with Dysport®/Xeomin®
Although Dysport is considered safe for most patients, there are certain risks associated with any kind of procedure. Some of these risks may include an allergic reaction or a condition known as ptosis, which involves droopiness of the eyelid. Some patients may experience mild side effects such as soreness and bruising at the injection site, along with a headache for several hours after treatment. These side effects will go away on their own and can also be relieved with mild painkillers.
Patients who are pregnant or breastfeeding, or have a neuromuscular disease, should not undergo this treatment.
Schedule a consultation
To learn more about our Dysport® and Xeomin® Treatment, please contact us at (212) 288-0060 today to schedule an appointment.